New York is home to many foreign nationals who have legal permission to work in the United States. If an employer discriminates against an employee or applicant for employment based on national origin, the company is in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. National origin discrimination may occur even if an employer is mistaken about an employee's country of origin.
New York employees who may have been adversely affected by sexual harassment in the workplace may be interested in one case that could ultimately have far-reaching implications. On Nov. 4, a federal judge in Pennsylvania accepted arguments that alleged anti-gay discrimination was based on sex stereotypes, which violates protections that are offered by Title VII. Of additional import, however, is a footnote by the judge noting that a "compelling juxtaposition" concerning racial discrimination was also presented in the matter.
Employees and business owners in New York should be aware of one of the important aspects of federal employment law. Wage and hour laws exist to protect employees by addressing situations in which they are not paid fairly for the work they have performed. These laws protect all employees, even if they are undocumented immigrants.